Photography Certification Test Guru

A lens that focuses light using concentric glass rings is called a/an __________  lens.
    a   elemental
    b   compound
    c   linear
    d   fresnel
Bit depth refers to __________
    a   the value difference between adjacent pixels.
    b   the total number of pixels of a certain color that are in an image.
    c   the amount of color that can be rendered by averaging pixels.
    d   the amount of color that can be rendered by a single pixel.
Another name for a medium format camera would be __________.
    a   6x6
    b   120 mm
    c   6x7
    d   Any of the three
Light not created by a photographer is called _______ light.
    a   artificial
    b   ambient
    c   overhead
    d   diffused
What does the Rule of Thirds refers to?
    a   Bracketing in 1/3rd stops
    b   Placement of elements in the image
    c   Distance of the subject from the background
    d   All of the above
A gray card used to determine proper exposure reflects __________ of the light that strikes it?
    a   18%
    b   6%
    c   45%
    d   63%
Where is the final image in a digital camera stored?
    a   In the buffer
    b   In the acetate
    c   In the memory card or stick
    d   In the CCD
Images produced by digital cameras are __________.
    a   vector based
    b   halftone
    c   duotone
    d   raster based
What does shallow depth of field mean?
    a   That there is a limited area of focus in which to place items.
    b   That items are placed close together on the set.
That all items are blurry, showing action.
    d   That items in both the background and foreground are in focus.
Fake walls used on Photography sets are often referred to as __________.
    a   screens
    b   scrims
    c   gobos
    d   flats
Images that are considered editorial can be described as __________
    a   images that are edited.
    b   images that are not designed to sell a particular item or idea.
    c   mages that need to be edited.
    d   images that will impress the editor.
The features called swing and tilt are available on most high end 35mm and equivalent digital cameras.
    a   True
    b   False
Aerial perspective is __________
    a   shooting from a high vantage point
    b   shooting up from a low vantage point.
    c   the effect of atmosphere on distant subjects.
    d   shooting from a plane.
Another name for a key light is __________.
    a   hot light
    b   back light
    c   main light
    d   ring light
The amount of energy a capacitor in a power pack can store is called watt seconds.
    a   True
    b   False
Sharpening settings used when processing images should vary depending on the subject.
    a   True
    b   False
What do F-stops really refer to?
    a   How much light you let into the camera
    b   How tightly you focus your camera
    c   Your use of action and how it affects your photos
    d   Nothing.
Diffused light is created in a photo studio through the use of screens and large light sources.
    a   True
    b   False
In lighting, modeling means you are __________
    a   keeping the light close to the axis of the camera.
    b   turning the lights on and off to see the effect a light will have.
    c   creating a three dimensional effect or depth in your image.
    d   having your subject pose in a particular manner.
Images saved as jpegs are saved with lossless compression.
    a   True
    b   False
If the proper exposure at ISO 800 is f5.6 at 1/250, the proper exposure at ISO 100 would be f5.6 at __________.
    a   1/2000   
    b   1/30
    c   1/125
    d   1/1000
A lighting ratio of 1:1 will produce an image that is __________.
    a   dramatic
    b   dark
    c   flat
    d   bright
In a 300mm 2.8 lens, the number 2.8 refers to __________
    a   the aperture range of the lens.
    b   the number of glass elements in the lens.
    c   the maximum aperture for the lens.
    d   the size of the filter thread for that lens.
A scrim is used to __________
    a   lower the intensity of the light.
    b   concentrate the light.
    c   diffuse the light.
    d   reflect the light.
What might you do to add drama and interest to an image taken in snow?
    a   Find a source of bright color
    b   Move the subject into some shade
    c   Shoot mainly in the middle of the day
    d   Place your subject between the sun and yourself
In order to prevent red eye that often happens in flash photography, it is best to__________
    a   move your light off the camera axis.
    b   shoot in a darkened room.
    c   use a ring light.
    d   set the flash to a lower power setting.
On a zoom lens, 3.5-5.6 means it has __________
    a   only two levels of zoom.
    b   a variable maximum aperture.
    c   it's a prime lens.
    d   it stops down to 5.6.
The word noise is to digital Photography as __________ is to a film.
    a   hue
    b   grain
    c   pixel
    d   saturation
Which lens is generally considered the best for taking high quality, natural looking  portraits on a 35mm film or "full frame" digital camera?
    a   24mm f 2
    b   300mm f2.8
    c   85mm f1.8
    d   35-70 f 2.8-4
When undiffused, a strobe light and a tungsten light will generally produce the same quality of light.
    a   True
    b   False
Using a longer lens will __________
    a   make the subject smaller in the frame.
    b   exaggerate the features of the subject.
    c   compress the features of the subject.
    d   show more of the background in the frame.
What two processes had to be "discovered" before the art of Photography was truly born?
    a   Optical
    b   Digital
    c   Chemical
    d   Studio
On the color wheel, colors are considered complementary when they are________
    a   opposite to each other on the wheel.
    b   next to each other on the wheel.
    c   similar in hue and saturation.
    d   always in contrast.
RAW means that when an image is saved to the camera's memory, it is saved_____________
    a   is saved as a JPEG and a TIFF.
    b   is saved as a TIFF with lossless compression.
    c   remains unprocessed by the camera software.
    d   is saved as a TIFF without compression.
What does saturated color refer to?
    a   Hazy, dark colors
    b   Bright, brilliant colors
    c   Colors in blush tones
    d   Colors that are false and are brought on through the use of lights and filters
Copal is a type of __________.
    a   lens
    b   camera
    c   flash
    d   shutter
When working in digital editing software, sharpening is achieved by increasing the contrast between __________
    a   adjacent pixels.
    b   the subject and the background.
    c   distinct colors.
    d   the background and the foreground.
On the color wheel, colors are considered complimentary when they are________
    a   opposite to each other on the wheel.
    b   next to each other on the wheel.
    c   similar in hue and saturation.
    d   always in contrast.
A reversal film is also referred to as a __________
    a   negative film.
    b   slide or transparency film.
    c   black and white film.
    d   lithographic film.
What effect does putting a grid or honeycomb on a light source have?
    a   It diffuses the light.
    b   It intensifies the light.
    c   It narrows the spread of the light.
    d   It reflects the light.
To get the most accurate colors, you should __________
    a   set your white balance setting to auto.
    b   use a gray card or diffusion filter to set the correct balance.
    c   use the camera's preset for a given light source.
    d   shoot only in one type of light.
Bracketing is a term used to describe __________
    a   shooting multiple images to make a panorama.
    b   shooting multiple exposures of the same image.
    c   shooting multiple angles of a subject.
    d   None of the above.
The "circle of confusion" is a term related to determining the __________.
    a   angle of view
    b   shutter speed setting
    c   maximum aperture
    d   depth of the field
What do polarising filters help you to remove from or reduce in your photos?
    a   Infrared light
    b   Dark shadows
    c   Reflections
    d   Sunlight
The coatings on a lens are designed to increase image quality by __________
    a   polarizing the light.
    b   reducing reflections from the surface of the glass.
    c   reducing the amount of blue light.
    d   redirecting the light in uniform wavelengths.
Chromatic aberration is the inability of a lens to focus __________ on a single point.
    a   gradations
    b   edges
    c   images
    d   colors
Kelvin degrees represent the __________ of a source of light.
    a   color temperature
    b   light intensity
    c   watt second rating
    d   flash duration
A shutter speed of ½ of a second or longer should be used when hand holding a camera.
    a   True
    b   False
What does the guide number of a flash describe?
    a   How many f stops it can be used with
    b   Its output with a set reflector
    c   How close it can be placed to the subject
    d   What shutter speeds it can be used with
The higher the f-stop number, the more the light allowed into the camera.
    a   True
    b   False
What problem can you often have when a subject is backlit?
    a   Underexposed subjects
    b   Blurry photos
    c   Oversaturated subjects
    d   Overexposed subjects
A view camera differs from other cameras in that it can control __________.
    a   perspective
    b   the depth of the field
    c   neither perspective or the depth of the field
    d   both perspective and the depth of the field
If an image is overexposed, which of the following would most likely be the cause?
    a   Shooting at the aperture setting of 5.6
    b   Moving to a higher aperture number
    c   Shooting at a shutter speed of 1/125
    d   Moving to a lower aperture number
Each photodiode or pixel on a standard digital chip can record all three of the colors used in digital photography.
    a   True
    b   False
Incident light meters work by reading the light that reflects off of a subject.
    a   True  
    b   False
 The inverse square law is used in reference to __________
    a   the depth of the field.
    b   shutter speed settings.
    c   the intensity of light that reaches a subject.
    d   aperture settings
Light travels in a straight line until it is __________
    a   refracted.
    b   curved.
    c   reflected.
    d   refracted or curved.
A color that can't be reproduced in the final image is called __________.
    a   saturated
    b   high key
    c   process
    d   out of gamut
Moire is caused when there is an interaction between __________ in a subject and the pixels that make up the digital image.
    a   colors
    b   curves
    c   patterns
    d   skin tones
Vignetting is __________
    a   low key lighting
    b   dark corners on an image.
    c   high key lighting
    d   soft edges on an image.
Flash or strobe is considered an artificial light.
    a   True
    b   False
 Computer monitors use both the RGB and CMYK color spaces.
    a   True
    b   False
In architectural Photography it is important to __________
    a   shoot the whole room.
    b   keep the building centered.
    c   keep verticals parallel.
    d   place people in the room.
If you change your shutter speed from 1/60 to 1/250, you need to change your aperture from f11 to _____ to keep your exposure the same.
    a   f2.8
    b   f16
    c   f1.4
    d   f5.6
 Images that are considered editorial can be described as __________
    a   images that are edited.
    b   images that are not designed to sell a particular item or idea.
    c   images that need to be edited.
    d   images that will impress the editor.
The smallest element in a digital image is ______.
    a   a megabyte
    b   a pixel
    c   a grain
    d   a color array
The step pattern seen on an enlarged digital photographic image is called __________.
    a   Vectorization
    b   Aliasing
    c   Axis lines
    d   Anti-aliased
Incident light meters work by reading the light that reflects off of a subject.
    a   True  
    b   False
When using a flash on most cameras, using too high a shutter speed will result in_________.
    a   stopping the action.
    b   overexposed images.
    c   dark cut off section.
    d   excess noise/grain.
A candid approach to wedding Photography can also be called the photojournalistic style.
    a   True
    b   False
A prime lens is also called a __________.
    a   zoom lens
    b   telephoto lens
    c   fixed focal length lens
    d   wide angle lens
Banding or posterization in a digital image is caused when there isn't enough information to reproduce different shades of color.
    a   True
    b   False
A butterfly is a name for __________
    a   an A clamp.  
    b   a grid for a soft box.
    c   a light stand with a boom arm.
    d   a large diffusion frame and fabric.
Which lens would be considered "normal" on a 35mm film or equivalent full frame digital camera?
    a   85mm
    b   50mm
    c   24mm
    d   105mm
Digital Photography has eliminated the need to get a good exposure.
    a   True
    b   False
What does "Framing" an image refer to?
    a   Following the rule of thirds
    b   Positioning of the subject in relation to other image elements
    c   Centering the subject in the frame
    d   Adding lights to the subject
Extension tubes will change __________
    a   the number of apertures on a lens.
    b   the focal length of a lens.  
    c   the number of glass elements a lens has.
    d   how close to a subject a lens can focus.
TTL stands for __________.
    a   Table Top Lighting
    b   Through the Lens
    c   Traditional Tungsten Lighting
    d   Temporary Time Lag
Which is the hardest type of light to achieve pleasing images in?
    a   Early evening light
    b   Diffused light
    c   Midday light
    d   Early morning light
When shooting with a view camera at infinity, the bellows extension factor would be __________.
    a   2
    b   1.5
    c   0
    d   .75
Using a larger aperture will result in _________
    a   more depth of field.
    b   longer exposures.
    c   less depth of field.
    d   all of the above.
A "catchlight" is __________
    a   a highlight in a subject's eye.
    b   the main light.
    c   the fill light.
    d   red eye.

Photography Certification Guru Test 2020